The Ngorongoro Crater formed when a large volcano erupted and collapsed inwards over two million years ago.
Today, the UNESCO World Heritage Site spreads 16 kilometres across and is the largest unflooded volcanic crater in the world. From the crater rim, walls thickly forested with vegetation plunge 600 metres down to the valley floor, creating a natural amphitheatre that supports a huge variety of wildlife all year round. Ngorongoro Crater holidays are heaven for animal lovers, or those seeking an extra special safari experience. The crater plays host to large herds of zebra and wildebeest, proud buffalo, elegant eland and fearsome predators including the lion, hyena and jackal – the highest density of lions and predators in Africa resides here. The rare and endangered black rhino can be seen regularly within the crater, and a plethora of birdlife including cranes, ostriches and secretary birds live within the grasslands and swamps. As well as the wildlife, Maasai tribesmen graze their cattle in the crater.
Seen from above, the crater casts a verdant green glow across the dry plains, but its true beauty is only apparent from within. Holidays to the Ngorongoro Crater will see you drive amongst an enormous concentration of wildlife, exploring the various habitats that the crater supports. Due to its enclosed nature the crater has, to an extent, formed its own ecosystem, with a variety of flora and fauna not seen elsewhere on the continent thriving in a concentrated area. Within the crater you’ll find acacia forest, shallow soda lakes, claggy swampland and natural springs. In the crater’s north the conditions are much drier, with open grasslands unfolding to provide a tapestry on which the animal kingdom is writ large.
Find out more about our amazing selection of safari holidays to Ngorongoro National Park from our experienced Tanzania Destination Experts.